The course aims to provide an introduction to the basic concepts of contemporary linguistics, and a systematic treatment of current knowledge on the biological foundations of language, through the analysis of pathological conditions (neuropsychology of language) and of the study methods in normal populations (neuroimaging and neurophysiology). In particular, the course is aimed at students interested in acquiring updated knowledge on a core area of cognitive neuroscience research. At the end of the course the student must be able to describe the main levels of linguistic organization, recognize the main developmental and acquired language disorders, and discuss the contribution of structural and functional neuroimaging and of neurophysiology to the study of the neurobiology of language